How To Find A Package Version In Linux
Even though package management has become easier with the help of graphical package managers, some users always prefer the command line way. There are different commands to find out the package version in different flavors of Linux. Today, in this tutorial, we will be seeing how to find a package version in some popular Linux distributions such as Alpine Linux, Arch Linux and its derivatives, Debian and its derivatives, RHEL and its derivatives.
Find package version in Alpine Linux
To view the package version and other details, use apk info command like below.
$ apk info vim
You will see the small description of the given package and it’s website where it is hosted.
Improved vi-style text editor
vim-8.2.2137-r0 installed size:
advanced text editor, with GUI
gvim-8.2.2137-r0 installed size:
As you see, the installed version of Vim is 8.2.
Find package version in Arch-based systems
To find out an installed package(Eg. VLC) version in Arch Linux and its derivatives such as EndeavourOS and Manjaro Linux, run the following command:
$ pacman -Q vlc
As you see in the above output, the installed version of VLC package is 2.2.4-3.
To display the extensive details of a package, run:
$ pacman -Qi vlc
Name : vlc
Version : 2.2.4-3
Description : A multi-platform MPEG, VCD/DVD, and DivX player
Architecture : x86_64
URL : http://www.videolan.org/vlc/
Licenses : LGPL2.1 GPL2
Groups : None
Provides : None
Depends On : a52dec libdvbpsi libxpm libdca libproxy sdl_image
libdvdnav libtiger lua libmatroska zvbi taglib
libmpcdec ffmpeg2.8 faad2 libupnp libshout libmad
libmpeg2 xcb-util-keysyms libtar libxinerama
Optional Deps : avahi: for service discovery using bonjour protocol
libnotify: for notification plugin [installed]
gtk2: for notify plugin [installed]
lua-socket: for http interface
qt4: for the GUI [installed]
Required By : None
Optional For : smtube
Conflicts With : vlc-plugin
Replaces : vlc-plugin
Installed Size : 53.28 MiB
Packager : Antonio Rojas <[email protected]>
Build Date : Sun 24 Jul 2016 03:12:59 PM IST
Install Date : Fri 05 Aug 2016 11:22:54 AM IST
Install Reason : Explicitly installed
Install Script : No
Validated By : Signature
The above command shows the complete details such as package description, version, build date, installed date, and package owner etc.
Find package version in DEB-based systems
In Debian, Ubuntu and its derivatives such as Linux Mint, Pop OS and Elementary OS, we can find the installed a package, Say Apache webserver, version using dpkg command with -l switch like below:
$ dpkg -l apache2
Alternatively, you can use dpkg with grep command to get the installed version of a package like below.
$ dpkg -s apache2 | grep -i version
To display the extensive information of an installed package, run:
$ dpkg -s apache2
Status: install ok installed
Maintainer: Ubuntu Developers <[email protected]>
Replaces: apache2.2-bin, apache2.2-common
Provides: httpd, httpd-cgi
Depends: lsb-base, procps, perl, mime-support, apache2-bin (= 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.1), apache2-utils (>= 2.4), apache2-data (= 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.1)
Pre-Depends: dpkg (>= 1.17.14)
Suggests: www-browser, apache2-doc, apache2-suexec-pristine | apache2-suexec-custom, ufw
Conflicts: apache2.2-bin, apache2.2-common
Description: Apache HTTP Server
The Apache HTTP Server Project’s goal is to build a secure, efficient and
extensible HTTP server as standards-compliant open source software. The
result has long been the number one web server on the Internet.
Installing this package results in a full installation, including the
configuration files, init scripts and support scripts.
Original-Maintainer: Debian Apache Maintainers <[email protected]>
Also, we can find a package version using apt-show-versions command:
$ apt-show-versions apache2
apache2:amd64/xenial-security 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.1 uptodate
apache2:i386 not installed
As you see in the above result, I have installed apache2 64 bit version, and its version is 2.4.18.
If ‘apt-show-versions’ program is not installed, you can install it using command:
$ sudo apt install apt-show-versions
We know now how to check the installed package’s version. What about the version of a package in the online repositories? Is there anyway to check the version of packages that are available in the official repositories? It’s also possible. Check the following link to find out how.
Even if the packages are not installed in your Debian-based systems, you still can find their versions. Check the following guide for more details.
Find package version in RPM-based systems
To find out the version of an installed package (Eg.httpd) in RPM based distributions such Red Hat, CentOS, Fedora, AlmaLinux, Rocky Linux, and openSUSE etc., run:
$ rpm -qi httpd
Name : httpd
Version : 2.4.6
Release : 40.el7.centos.4
Install Date: Thu 11 Aug 2016 08:08:45 PM IST
Group : System Environment/Daemons
Size : 9806117
License : ASL 2.0
Signature : RSA/SHA256, Mon 18 Jul 2016 09:35:16 PM IST, Key ID 24c6a8a7f4a80eb5
Source RPM : httpd-2.4.6-40.el7.centos.4.src.rpm
Build Date : Mon 18 Jul 2016 09:02:11 PM IST
Build Host : worker1.bsys.centos.org
Relocations : (not relocatable)
Packager : CentOS BuildSystem
Vendor : CentOS
URL : http://httpd.apache.org/
Summary : Apache HTTP Server
The Apache HTTP Server is a powerful, efficient, and extensible
The above command displays the installed package version, build date, license, description etc. As you see in the output, httpd package version is 2.4.6.